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USFA programs to prevent and mitigate the consequences of fire are divided into four basic areas:
- Public Education
- Develops and delivers fire prevention and safety education programs in partnership with other Federal agencies, the fire and emergency response community, the media and safety interest groups.
- Promotes the professional development of the fire and the emergency response community and its allied professionals. To supplement and support State and local fire service training programs, the National Fire Academy (NFA) develops and delivers educational and training courses having a national focus.
- Works with the public and private groups to promote and improve fire prevention and life safety through research, testing and evaluation. Generates and distributes research and special studies on fire detection, suppression and notification systems, and on fire and emergency responder health and safety.
- Assists state and local entities in collecting, analyzing and disseminating data on the occurrence, the control and the consequences of all types of fires. The National Fire Data Center describes the Nation's fire problem; proposes possible solutions and national priorities; monitors resulting programs; and provides information to the public and fire organizations.