U.S. fire statistics

The U.S. Fire Administration collects data from a variety of sources to provide information and analyses on the status and scope of the fire problem in the United States. We use these data to highlight current and emerging trends in fires, including what causes fires, where they occur, and who is impacted the most by fire.

We also analyze the circumstances surrounding on-duty firefighter casualties to help identify approaches that can reduce the number of deaths and injuries in future years.


Trends in fires, deaths, injuries and dollar loss

Fires 1,389,500
in 2011
-19.5%
from 2002
Deaths 3,005
in 2011
-20.6%
from 2002
Injuries 17,500
in 2011
-5.3%
from 2002
$ Loss $11.7 billion
in 2011
-4.3%
* from 2002
* Adjusted to 2011 dollars
See: National Fire Protection Association for more statistics on U.S. fire loss.


  • Fires
  • Deaths
  • Injuries
  • $ Loss
* Adjusted to 2011 dollars
Download data for all fires, deaths, injuries and dollar loss estimates.

What are the causes of fires?

Read our reports on the causes of residential, nonresidential, vehicle and outside fires, and fires in other places.

 

Residential fires

Residential building fire causes (2012)
48.7% Cooking
12.1% Heating
5.6% Unintentional, careless

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Cooking 48.7%
Heating 12.1%
Unintentional, careless 5.6%
Electrical malfunction 5.4%
Intentional 5%
Open flame 4.9%
Appliances 4.4%
Other heat 3.5%
Smoking 2.6%
Exposure 2.2%
Natural 2%
Cause under investigation 1.2%
Other equipment 1.1%
Equipment malfunction 0.8%
Playing with heat source 0.6%
 
Causes of fatal residential building fires (2012)
Causes of residential building fires resulting in injuries (2012)
 

Nonresidential fires

Nonresidential building fire causes (2012)
29.3% Cooking
10.5% Intentional
9.8% Unintentional, careless

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Cooking 29.3%
Intentional 10.5%
Unintentional, careless 9.8%
Heating 8%
Electrical malfunction 6.9%
Open flame 6.5%
Other heat 5.4%
Appliances 4.5%
Other equipment 4.4%
Exposure 4.3%
Natural 4.1%
Equipment malfunction 2%
Smoking 2.3%
Cause under investigation 1.5%
Playing with heat source 0.4%
 

Causes of vehicle and outside fires

Causes of vehicle fires
219,000 vehicle fires in 2011
Causes of outside fires
597,500 outside fires in 2011

Where do fires occur?

Read our reports on where fires occur.

 

Property types

“Residential” is the leading property type for fire deaths (75.7%), fire injuries (79.1%) and fire dollar loss (52.2%).

Fires by general property type (2011)
29.1% Residential
8% Nonresidential
13.3% Vehicle
44% Outside
5.7% Other
 
Download data on where fires occur

Who does fire impact the most?

Read our reports on who fire impacts the most.

2011 Texas, California and Pennsylvania lead the nation in number of fire deaths.
District of Columbia, Mississippi and Alabama have the most deaths per million population in the U.S.

View statistics on national and state fire deaths, fire death rates, and risk of dying in a fire.

 
Deaths Injuries
61% 58%
39% 42%


More men die and are injured
in fires than women.
USA

National fire death rate: 11

National fire injury rate: 56.2

per million population

Gender and race

African American males (21.5) and American Indian males (14.8) have the highest fire death rates per million population.

Age

People 85 and older have the highest fire death rate. (49.2)

People 30-34 have the highest fire injury rate. (71.4)

More information on fire death rates for older adults and children.

 
Download fire death and injury data by gender, age, and race

Fire departments and firefighters

Read our reports on fire departments and firefighters.

Fire departments

There were an estimated 30,100 fire departments and 1,129,250 firefighters in 2012.

See: National Fire Protection Association for more statistics on fire departments.

Firefighters

There were an estimated 1,129,250 firefighters (career: 345,950, volunteer: 783,300) in 2012.

See: National Fire Protection Association for more statistics on firefighters.

On-duty firefighter deaths in 2012

42 Volunteers
28 Career
11 Wildland agency
 
81 Firefighters died while on duty.
15 Firefighters died working wildland fires.
22 Firefighters died from activities at a fire scene.
18 Firefighters died as a result of vehicle crashes.
39 Firefighters died from heart attacks.
45 Firefighters died from activities related to an emergency incident.

Firefighter injuries

31,490 firefighters were injured on the fireground in 2012.

See: National Fire Protection Association for more statistics on firefighter injuries.

How we calculate fire loss statistics

These documents describe the data sources and methodology we use to calculate our fire loss estimates.

Download

Data sources we use to calculate statistics

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