Funding Alternatives for Emergency Medical and Fire Services

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Stimulated by local budget pressures, fire and emergency medical service (EMS) departments in the United States are using a wide array of fundraising approaches beyond traditional methods. To identify the various types of funding sources actually being used by fire and EMS agencies throughout the nation, and their pros and cons, USFA has developed the manual Funding Alternatives for Emergency Medical and Fire Services. The manual includes financing alternatives for all types of fire and EMS departments: rural and urban, volunteer and career, agencies providing multiple services, and those providing only fire protection or only emergency medical service. Examples are given of departments using the various methodologies. The manual includes funding of local services by local government, state government, federal government, and the private sector.