Fire deaths can be reduced by teaching people the basic facts about fire. Below are some simple ways to help you explain to community members the characteristics of fire.
In less than 30 seconds a small flame can get completely out of control and turn into a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to fill a house. In minutes, a house can be engulfed in flames. If you wake up to a fire, you won't have time to grab valuables because fire spreads too quickly and the smoke is too thick. There is only time to escape.
A fire's heat alone can kill. Room temperatures in a fire can be 100 degrees at floor level and rise to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling this super-hot air will scorch your lungs. This heat can melt clothes to your skin. In five minutes a room can get so hot that everything in it ignites at once: this is called flashover.
Fire starts bright, but quickly produces black smoke and complete darkness. If you wake up to a fire you may be blinded, disoriented and unable to find your way around the home you've lived in for years.
Fire uses up the oxygen you need and produces smoke and poisonous gases that kill. Breathing even small amounts of smoke and toxic gases can make you drowsy, disoriented and short of breath. The odorless, colorless fumes can lull you into a deep sleep before the flames reach your door. You may not wake up in time to escape.
Available outreach materials in other languages are listed on the Fire Is Everyone’s Fight materials page and under the audience and topic links above.
See also the multilingual resources available on Ready.gov.
The role of fire safety educators is complex and each community is unique. Communities vary with respect to fire safety risk factors, target audiences, and resources available. A one-size-fits-all approach just won’t work; that’s why this toolkit was created. It will lead you step by step through the development or enhancement of your fire safety education program to meet the specific needs of your community.
Whether you are just getting started in fire safety education, or you are a seasoned educator, this toolkit will get you on your way to a successful program.Fire Safety Program Toolkit PDF 7 MB