National Fire Protection Association Estimates

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About the National Fire Protection Association

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) helps to reduce fire loss through consensus codes and standards, research, training, and education. Additional information on the U.S. fire problem is available from the NFPA's website.

Fire Estimates (2012)

NFPA definition of Structure
An assembly of materials forming a construction for occupancy or use in such a manner as to serve a specific purpose. A building is a form of structure. Open platforms, bridges, roof assemblies over open storage or process areas, tents, airsupported, and grandstands are other forms of structures.

Total Fire Loss (2012)
All Fires
Deaths
Injuries
Direct Dollar Loss In Millions
1,375,000
2,855
16,500
$12,427
Fire Loss by Property Use (2012)
Property Use
Fires
Deaths
Injuries
Direct Dollar Loss In Millions
All Structures
480,500
2,470
14,700
$9,776
Residential Structures
381,000
2,405
13,175
$7,199
Nonresidential Structures
99,500
65
1,525
$2,577
Vehicles
202,500
325
975
$1,838
Outdoor and Other Fires
692,000
60
825
$813
Intentionally Set Structure Fires (2012)
Fires
Deaths
Direct Dollar Loss In Millions
26,000
180
$581

Source: National Fire Protection Association Fire Loss in the U.S. during 2012.

Fire Departments (2012)

Number of Fire Departments (2012)
All Fire Departments
All Career
Mostly Career
Mostly Volunteer
All Volunteer
30,100
(2010-2012 average annual estimate of stations: 51,650)
2,610 (8.7%)
1,995 (6.6%)
5,445 (18.1%)
20,050 (66.6%)

Career=100% career firefighters, Mostly Career=51%-99% career firefighters, Mostly Volunteer=1%-50% career firefighters, Volunteer=100% volunteer firefighters

Response Breakdown (2012)
Response
Number
% Change from 2011
Fires
1,375,000
-1.0
Medical Aid
21,705,500
+9.6
False Alarms
2,338,000
-6.1
Mutual Aid/Assistance
1,326,500
+6.0
Hazardous Material
360,000
-5.0
Other Hazardous (Arcing wires, bomb removal, etc.)
694,000
-3.6
All Other (Smoke scares, lock-outs, etc.)
4,155,000
-0.4
TOTAL
31,854,000
+5.8

Source: National Fire Protection Association reports Fire Loss in the United States 2012 and U.S. Fire Department Profile Through 2012

Firefighters (2012)

Source: National Fire Protection Association, U.S. Fire Department Profile Through 2012