Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock () or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Current Events and Issues

Firefighter burnout and workplace safety

Posted: July 26, 2018

Are firefighters who show symptoms of burnout less likely to follow safety procedures? A team of researchers recently set out to learn if burnout impacted a firefighter’s ability to follow required safe work practices, care for and safely use personal protective equipment (PPE), and communicate and report safety concerns.1 The team also wanted to assess the direct effects that work stress and work-family conflict have on burnout.

This study was funded by a Fire Prevention and Safety grant (Research and Development) under the Assistance to Firefighters Grant Program.

As a firefighter, you work in physically, emotionally and psychologically challenging situations — sometimes with limited resources. You also face the added pressure of performing safely and effectively under significant time constraints. These difficult work conditions can lead to burnout over the long-term.

Burnout is generally defined as a psychological response to chronic work stress and is recognized as having three major components:

  1. Exhaustion.
  2. Disengagement or withdrawal from the workplace and co-workers.
  3. Cynicism or unsympathetic attitude towards the people and goals they serve.

Along with improvements in things such as turnout gear, equipment, improved medical care and screenings, etc., there is still a need to address other factors, which would include psychosocial and organizational factors that haven't been researched and addressed extensively within the fire service.

Study authors

What did the research team learn?


Study results clearly showed that burnout leads to diminished safety behaviors in firefighters. It should be considered a legitimate safety concern within the fire service.

Work stress and work-family conflict are not directly linked to bad safety practices. They can, however, lead to burnout over time, which is the major predictor of unsafe work practices.

When firefighters are burned out, they are less likely to voice their safety concerns, to use PPE properly, and to perform their work in a routinely safe manner.

Suggested safety interventions

The research team had these recommendations for fire department leaders to prevent burnout and promote safe behaviors:

  • Place an emphasis on a safety-conscious transformational style of leadership. This will counter many of the stressors that lead to burnout. This style of leadership also promotes fairness and equity and it builds engagement.
  • Require supervisors to provide rest and rehabilitation during firefighting operations, and allow for post-event rest and recovery.
  • Promote health and wellness goals and a positive safety climate. This will help to counter the effects of stressors that may lead to burnout.

Learn more about this research

This research article is available through our library by contacting

1Smith, T D., Hughes, K., DeJoy, D., Dyal, M. (2018). Assessment of relationships between work stress, work-family conflict, burnout and firefighter safety behavior outcomes. Safety Science: Vol 103 (March 2018). doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2017.12.005

This summary is for informational purposes only. As such, the content does not reflect any official positions, policies or guidelines on behalf of the sender, the U.S. Fire Administration, Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Department of Homeland Security, nor any other federal agencies, departments or contracting entities. Similarly, this summary does not represent in any manner an official endorsement or relationship to any private or public companies, organizations/associations, or any authors or individuals cited or websites associated within the article.

Explore more articles:

  • Filter:

Featured articles

Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti holds a vile of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccination while LAFD firefighters receive the vaccine at Station 4 on Dec. 28.
Current Issues
photo of a man and a woman staring looking at their destroyed home
Current Issues
photo of a woman and man preparing a meal
Current Issues
storm clouds with houses in the foreground
Current Issues
pictograph illustrations
Coffee Break
community members meeting about wildfire projects
Coffee Break
firefighters talking
Current Issues
hoarded items in a home
Coffee Break
firefighters on hose line
Current Issues
home boarded up with clear board
Current Issues
fire station
Coffee Break
firefighter using a computer
Coffee Break
binary data with a question mark
Coffee Break
table made up of puzzle pieces
Coffee Break
Coffee Break
helicopter dropping water on a fire
Coffee Break
meeting of public policy makers
Coffee Break
firefighter addressing meeting