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COVID-19 Planning and Response Resources for Fire and EMS

This page contains resources to assist fire and emergency medical services (EMS) departments with planning and responding to pandemics, with a special emphasis on COVID-19.

Outdoor dining

Fire and life safety considerations for authorities having jurisdiction and building owners on outdoor and pop-up dining establishments.

Safety factors to consider

Ingress and egress concerns

Social distancing to control building occupant flow can result in fire and life safety issues, such as blocked or locked emergency exits.

Exit factors to consider

Social distancing and occupancy

Considerations for authorities having jurisdiction and building managers when social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Learn about the considerations

Reopening schools

Recommendations for fire protection systems and unique school changes that might require special attention from a fire and life safety perspective.

Safety factors to consider

Federal Healthcare Resilience Working Group documents

Utilization of EMS Clinicians as Vaccinators for COVID-19 Vaccine Administration

An information resource for EMS agencies assisting state or local health departments, or other agencies, with COVID-19 vaccination programs.

Download document

COVID-19 Vaccine Information for EMS Clinicians

An information resource for EMS clinicians and agencies who want to learn more about the COVID-19 vaccine and reduce vaccine hesitancy among clinicians.

Download document

Prolonged EMS Transfer

Guidance and best practices for EMS clinicians and hospital emergency room personnel to prevent prolonged ambulance offload times.

Download document

Browse more working group documents

NFIRS special study: COVID-19

The U.S. Fire Administration is using the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) to conduct a national-level special study on fire department responses to COVID-19. The goal of the study is to help fire departments consistently document fire department calls to suspected or confirmed incidents involving COVID-19.

How to participate in the study

890,340
fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents from Jan. 1 – Dec. 31, 2020.

Visit the special study dashboard