Doing the little things makes a difference in wildfire safety

Posted: May 11, 2020

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Can grass roots, fire service-led, and community-driven wildfire efforts make a difference in the survival of homes, neighborhoods, cities and firefighters? The answer is a resounding yes.

Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Insurance Institute for Business and Home Safety® (IBHS), and wildfire scientist Jack Cohen (retired) from the U.S. Forest Service Missoula, Rocky Mountain Research Station, all share the same conclusion:

Residents in wildfire-prone regions can make a difference in their wildfire safety by making effective changes to their homes and surrounding landscapes. These activities can be simple and often low-cost changes.

Home ignition zones

Teach your community about the actions they can take in the immediate zone, intermediate zone and extended zone to make their homes safer.

Immediate zone the home and the area from 0 to 5 feet from the exterior of the home.

This is the most important zone.

Intermediate zone the area 5 to 30 feet from the immediate zone.

Landscaping in these areas can influence and decrease fire behavior.

Extended zone the area 30 to 100 feet from the intermediate zone.

It is important to interrupt fire's path and keep flames smaller and on the ground.

Success goes beyond the research

Residents and fire departments have joined together to make their communities safer from wildfire. Falls Creek, in Durango, Colorado is an example of a community that worked together with their local fire department and land management agencies to make changes to their environments and assisted to stop the movement of a wildfire through the area. The Fire Adapted Community Learning Network has examples of community wildfire mitigation done before there is a wildfire.

Until the threat from COVID-19 passes, fire departments should encourage homeowners to work individually on improving home safety until it is safe to work together again on wildfire community projects.

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