USFA collects data from a variety of sources to provide information and analyses on the status and scope of the fire problem in the United States. We use these data to highlight current and emerging trends in fires, including what causes fires, where they occur, and who is impacted the most by fire. We also analyze the circumstances surrounding on-duty firefighter fatalities to help identify approaches that can reduce the number of deaths and injuries in future years.
Causes of residential building fires resulting in deaths in 2019
1,900 fatal fires (estimated)
Causes of residential building fires resulting in injuries in 2019
7,000 fires resulting in injuries (estimated)
Recent statistical releases
- Firefighter Fatalities in the United States in 2020
- Nonresidential Building Fires (2017‑2019)
- Fire Risk in 2019
- One- and Two-Family Residential Building Fires (2017‑2019)
- Multifamily Residential Building Fires (2017‑2019)
- Cooking Fires in Residential Buildings (2017‑2019)
- Civilian Fire Fatalities in Residential Buildings (2017‑2019)
The National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) is a reporting standard that fire departments use to uniformly report on the full range of their activities, from fire to emergency medical services to equipment involved in the response. NFIRS is the world's largest, national, annual database of fire incident information. The database comprises about 75 percent of all reported fires that occur annually.
The second report in our Wildfire Report Series examines fire incidents reported to NFIRS in wildland urban interface areas of California in terms of travel time, loss measures and fire cause for the years 2009 to 2011.
The first report in our Wildfire Report Series investigates the feasibility of using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data as a means for identifying wildfire incidents that may be missing from NFIRS.
NFIRS Help Desk
Featured: Home Fire Safety
This brochure contains important messages about how to keep safe from fire. Included is a foldout home fire escape plan poster with a grid to draw a home fire escape map.
Select a language to order or download.
Did you know that you can download and order printed copies of select publications for free?
USFA Publications Center
7:30 a.m. – 5 p.m. Eastern time
The NETC Library, operated by USFA, provides information and resources on fire, emergency management and other all-hazards subjects. With our collection of over 200,000 books, reports, audiovisual materials and indexed articles, the library supports NETC student and faculty research, classroom lectures, and development of course materials.