All-Hazards Articles Alert for first responder journal articles

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December 2019: The All-Hazards Articles Alert is a digest of citations to recently published first responder articles from scholarly, professional and trade journals. To request an article that isn’t online, please send us an interlibrary loan request from your local library.

Fire and Emergency Medical Services Research Monitor

Newly published studies on vital topics related to fire, life safety, emergency medical services (EMS) and emergency management.

All scholarly articles past 30 days

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Full text is available for each of the recently published articles below.

Evaluation of Exposures and Health Effects in Fire Fighters Following Response to a Chemical Fire summary + summary -
Read the full text PDF 422 KB | National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
This 36-page report was written when the national union representing firefighters requested assistance after a municipal fire department responded to a fire at a chemical manufacturer and distributor in January 2018. The request concerned chemical exposures these firefighters may have experienced during their response activities. The union asked for guidance on long-term medical monitoring for those who participated in this response.
The Race to Stay Ahead of Wildfires summary + summary -
Read the full text | Phys.org
So far, 2019 has produced blazes that rival 2018's Paradise Fire and the Thomas Fire of 2017. But researchers see that technology is making a difference.
Illicit Drugs, Including Fentanyl: Preventing Occupational Exposure to Emergency Responders—Using Personal Protective Equipment summary + summary -
Read the full text | NIOSH
This 12-minute video will help emergency responders understand the risks and what they can do to protect themselves from exposure to illicit drugs by properly donning and doffing personal protective equipment. NIOSH developed the video in collaboration with the Fredericksburg, Virginia, police and fire departments.
Guided Search: Exploring Technological Solutions for Interior Navigation in the Structural Fire Environment summary + summary -
Read the full text PDF 1.8 MB | Naval Postgraduate School thesis
The structural fire environment is hazardous and challenging to firefighters who are operating in unknown locations with zero visibility. Many firefighters lose spatial awareness and get lost, leading to inefficient operations as well as deaths and injuries. This research was designed to reveal which technology has the highest potential to provide interior navigation for firefighters in such an environment.
The Influence of a Near-Miss Wildfire on Resident Risk Perceptions and Mitigation Behaviors summary + summary -
Read the full text | QR291 Natural Hazards Center
Most respondents in the study did not recognize the value of doing these actions: clearing the roof, deck and gutters of pine needles and other debris; removing flammable debris from the foundation of the home or deck, disposing of dead fuel accumulation on the property, or thinning and pruning trees and shrubs within 30 ft. of the home.

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