PPD-8 is aimed at strengthening the security and resilience of the United States through systematic preparation for the threats that pose the greatest risk to the security of the nation, including acts of terrorism, cyber attacks, pandemics and catastrophic natural disasters. Everyone can contribute to safeguarding the nation from harm. As such, while this directive is intended to galvanize action by the federal government, it is also aimed at facilitating an integrated, all-of-Nation, capabilities-based approach to preparedness.
Background: In March 2011, President Obama issued Presidential Policy Directive-8 (PPD-8), which replaced HSPD-8 and HSPD-8 Annex 1, with the exception of paragraph 44 in Annex 1. The original HSPD-8 was issued in 2003; Annex 1 to HSPD-8 was issued in 2007. HSPD-8 was issued as a companion directive to HSPD-5 to establish policies strengthening U.S. preparedness to prevent and respond to domestic terrorist attacks, major disasters and other emergencies. The directive required the Secretary of Homeland Security to develop a national domestic all-hazards preparedness goal that included “measurable readiness priorities and targets” and “readiness metrics and elements.”
Presidential Policy Directive–41 (PPD-41): United States Cyber Incident Coordination
View online PPD-41 sets forth principles governing the federal government’s response to any cyber incident, whether involving government or private sector entities. For significant cyber incidents, it establishes lead federal agencies and an architecture for coordinating the broader federal government response. This PPD also requires the Departments of Justice and Homeland Security to maintain updated contact information for public use to assist entities affected by cyber incidents in reporting those incidents to the proper authorities.
Homeland Security Presidential Directive–5 (HSPD-5): Management of Domestic Incidents
View onlinePDF 25 KB The purpose of this directive is to enhance the ability of the United States to manage domestic incidents by establishing a single, comprehensive national incident management system. The 2003 directive described federal policies and objectives; identified steps to improve federal, state and local incident coordination; and directed the Secretary of Homeland Security to create a National Response Plan and National Incident Management System.
View online HSPD-7 establishes a national policy for federal departments and agencies to identify and prioritize critical infrastructure and to protect them from terrorist attacks. The directive defines relevant terms and delivers 31 policy statements. These policy statements define what the directive covers and the roles various federal, state and local agencies will play in carrying it out.
Homeland Security Presidential Directive–8 (HSPD-8): National Preparedness
View online HSPD-8 establishes policies to strengthen the preparedness of the United States to prevent and respond to threatened or actual domestic terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies by requiring a national domestic all-hazards preparedness goal; mechanisms for improved delivery of federal preparedness assistance to state and local governments; and outlines actions to strengthen preparedness capabilities of federal, state and local entities.
National Security Strategy Archive
View online The National Security Strategy Report is published by the executive branch of the United States government. It is intended to be a comprehensive statement articulating the worldwide interests, goals and objectives of the United States that are important to its security. Among the reporting requirements are those actions needed to deter aggression and to implement the national security strategy.
Executive Order 12148 – Federal emergency management
View Online President Jimmy Carter created the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) by Executive Order on March 31, 1979. On July 15, 1979, President Carter then transferred all the disaster related statutory authority vested in the Presidency, or in other federal agencies, to FEMA.