National Fire Incident Reporting System

The National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) is a reporting standard that fire departments use to uniformly report on the full range of their activities, from fire to Emergency Medical Services (EMS) to equipment involved in the response. NFIRS software is available as free desktop and web-based applications from the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) or as NFIRS standard-compliant products you can buy from fire software vendors.

Support and documentation
Reference guides, software and design documentation manuals, specification changes, National Fire Academy training courses, NFIRSGrams, and help with coding NFIRS incident reports.
Reporting guidelines
Instructions for state program managers and fire departments on how to report and release NFIRS data.
NFIRS applications, user login and registration
Login access, registration information and user tools for state program managers and fire departments.
Vendor information
New vendor registration, validation tools and software development procedures. Also included are the lists of active and registered vendors.
The benefits of using NFIRS, how it works and the kinds of data collected.


firefighters at a car fire incident

Why getting the incident type right matters

This NFIRSGram explains the importance of correctly coding the Incident Type field in NFIRS. This field is the foundation for completing your incident report and providing an accurate picture of the types of incidents your fire department responds to.

NFIRS state fire loss profiles

This page presents a snapshot of fire losses by state reported through NFIRS in 2016. Also included is information about fire departments and firefighter and home fire fatalities in 2019.

West Virginia

show all incident types + hide incident types -

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) rescue50.0%
Good intent16.3%
Service calls8.8%
False alarms8.1%

Chart/table total does not total 100 percent due to rounding.

Webinar: Fire Data in a Serious State

Presenter: Sara Wood, NFIRS Program Manager, Office of the Kansas State Fire Marshal

This presentation focuses on applications of NFIRS and other fire data beyond standards of accreditation, writing reports and grant qualification. The application of data-driven decisions can improve resources, call loads, educational messages and much more. Here’s what you will learn:

  • Easy strategies for improving fire data quality and culture in your department.
  • Available resources for learning and using fire data.
  • Applications of fire data beyond a Standards of Cover or Accreditation.

Watch the webinar

Facts about NFIRS

Get help using NFIRS

NFIRS Help Desk

We’re here to answer your questions about NFIRS Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. Eastern time. You can contact us by:

Contact your state program manager

If you have question about NFIRS in your state, please contact your NFIRS state program manager.

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To stay current on national NFIRS news, system alerts and coding bulletins, subscribe to our email list.