The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) is using the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) to conduct a national-level special study on fire department responses to the new coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The goal of the study is to help fire departments consistently document fire department calls to suspected or confirmed incidents involving COVID-19.
This special study will collect, aggregate and quantify the number of fire department responses to incidents in which COVID-19 was a factor. The data will be used by the USFA at the national level and it will be available in the NFIRS Data Warehouse for registered NFIRS users. Data will not be made available to the public.
The severity of the COVID-19 spread is impacting the nation's fire service. The use of NFIRS, along with other data collected about COVID-19, helps in the analysis of the nationwide fire department response to the pandemic. This national-level special study will ensure that the data are collected uniformly by the 24,300 reporting fire departments in NFIRS. These departments responded to more than 28.7 million incidents in 2018.
The collection of this data in NFIRS is allowed by the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (as amended through P.L. 112-239, enacted Jan. 3, 2019) and aligns with the mission and founding principles of the USFA. This includes the need to collect, analyze and disseminate relevant information about firefighter health and safety, as well as to identify research priorities for the fire service.