U.S. fire statistics

Trends | Causes | Where fires occur | Who fire impacts | Firefighters and fire departments

The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) collects data from a variety of sources to provide information and analyses on the status and scope of the fire problem in the United States. Armed with this data, the fire service can use it to:

in 2015
from 2006
in 2015
from 2006
in 2015
from 2006
$ Loss$14.3 billion
in 2015
* from 2006
* Adjusted to 2015 dollars
See: National Fire Protection Association for more statistics on U.S. fire loss.

* Adjusted to 2015 dollars
Download data for all fires, deaths, injuries and dollar loss estimates

What are the causes of fires?

Read our reports on the causes of residential, nonresidential, vehicle and outside fires, and fires in other places.


Residential fires

Fire estimate summaries of residential buildings, fire trends and causes (2006-2015) PDF 2.3 MB

Eleven summaries describing trends in U.S. residential fires. Included are summaries for deaths, injuries, dollar loss, and leading residential fire causes.

Residential building fire causes in 2015 380,900 fires (estimated)
50.8% Cooking
10.8% Heating
6.4% Electrical malfunction
6.4% Unintentional, careless

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Electrical malfunction6.4%
Unintentional, careless6.4%
Open flame4.3%
Other heat3.2%
Equipment malfunction1.6%
Cause under investigation1.3%
Other equipment1.2%
Playing with heat source0.4%

Total does not equal 100 percent due to rounding.

Causes of fatal residential building fires in 2015
1,800 fatal fires (estimated)
Causes of residential building fires resulting in injuries in 2015
7,500 fires resulting in injuries (estimated)

Nonresidential fires

Fire estimate summaries of nonresidential buildings, fire trends and causes (2006-2015) PDF 1.8 MB

Ten summaries describing trends in U.S. nonresidential fires. Included are summaries for number of fires, dollar loss and leading nonresidential fire causes.

Nonresidential building fire causes in 2015 104,600 fires (estimated)
29.5% Cooking
10.4% Unintentional, careless
9.4% Intentional

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Unintentional, careless10.4%
Electrical malfunction7.8%
Open flame6.2%
Other heat5.0%
Other equipment4.9%
Equipment malfunction3.2%
Cause under investigation1.6%
Playing with heat source0.3%

Causes of vehicle and outside fires

Causes of vehicle fires
204,500 vehicle fires in 2015

Total percentages do not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.

Causes of outside fires
536,000 outside fires in 2015

Where do fires occur?

Read our reports on where fires occur.


Property types

“Residential” is the leading property type for fire deaths (74.5%), fire injuries (75.5%) and fire dollar loss (52.2%).

Fires by general property type (2015)
30.4% Residential
8.4% Nonresidential
14.5% Vehicle
41.0% Outside
5.8% Other
Download data on where fires occur

Who does fire impact the most?

Read our reports on who fire impacts the most.

2015Texas, California and New Yorkled the nation in number of fire deaths.
The District of Columbia, Arkansas, Mississippi and Alabamahad the most deaths per million population in the U.S.

View national and state statistics on fire deaths | Browse state fire profiles


More men die and are injured
in fires than women.

National fire death rate: 10.5

National fire injury rate: 48.9

per million population

Gender and race

American Indian males (21.8) and African American males (20.9) have the highest fire death rates per million population.


People ages 85 or older have the highest fire death rate (39.5).

People ages 50-54 have the highest fire injury rate (63.0).

More information on fire death rates for older adults and children.

Download fire death and injury data by gender, age, and race

Firefighters and fire departments

Read our reports on fire departments and firefighters.

Fire departments

There were an estimated 29,727 fire departments in 2015 (all career: 9 percent; mostly career: 6 percent; mostly volunteer: 18 percent; all volunteer: 67 percent).

See: National Fire Protection Association for more statistics on fire departments.


There were an estimated 1,160,450 firefighters in 2015 (career: 345,600; volunteer: 814,850).

See: National Fire Protection Association for more statistics on firefighters.

On-duty firefighter deaths in 2016

56 Volunteer
23 Career
10 Wildland agency
89Firefighters died while on duty.
40Firefighters died from heart attacks.
36Firefighters died from activities related to an emergency incident.
17Firefighters died from activities at a fire scene.
10Firefighters died while responding to emergency incidents.
9Firefighters died while participating in training activities.

Firefighter injuries

24,325 firefighters were injured on the fireground in 2016.
Visit: National Fire Protection Association for more statistics on firefighter injuries.

Report: Fire-Related Firefighter Injuries Reported to the National Fire Incident Reporting System (2012–2014) August 2016, PDF 806 KB

How we calculate fire loss statistics

These documents describe the data sources and methodology we use to calculate our fire loss estimates.


Data sources we use to calculate statistics

More resources for statistics