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Fire Estimate Summary • April 2021

Nonresidential Building Fire Trends (2010‑2019)

This fire estimate summary presents basic data on nonresidential building fires and losses in the United States as depicted through data reported to the U.S. Fire Administration's (USFA's) National Fire Incident Reporting System. The summary also highlights important trends in the data.

National Estimates

The 2019 national estimates for nonresidential building fires and losses show that there were:

  • 110,900 fires.
  • 100 deaths.
  • 1,125 injuries.
  • $2,869,800,000 in dollar loss.

Overall Trends

Overall trends for nonresidential building fires and losses for the 10-year period of 2010 to 2019 show the following:

  • A 30% increase in fires.
  • A 50% increase in deaths. In 2016, in Oakland, California, a fire at a former warehouse that had been converted to mixed-use properties with an assembly area contributed to the peak in fire deaths; 35 fire deaths were reported to the NFIRS as a result of this incident. Excluding these 35 deaths from the 10-year trend analysis results in an overall 41% increase in nonresidential building fire deaths.
  • A 14% decrease in injuries.
  • A 3% increase in dollar loss. (This overall constant dollar-loss trend takes inflation into account by adjusting each year’s dollar loss to its equivalent 2019 value.)

Nonresidential Building Fires

EstimateTrend (+30%)
20108490085589
201185400
201292800
201393700
201499500
2015104600
201696800
2017111000
2018103600
2019110900111051

Nonresidential Building Fire Deaths

EstimateTrend (+50%)
20108068
201180
201265
201365
201460
201570
2016145
201795
201885
2019100101

Nonresidential Building Fire Injuries

EstimateTrend (-14%)
201013751374
20111100
20121450
20131425
20141200
20151325
20161550
20171200
20181025
201911251181

Nonresidential Building Fire Dollar Loss

Adjusted to 2019 Dollars

EstimateTrend (+3%)
201028147000002773047273
20112768300000
20122751500000
20132701300000
20142781900000
20152902700000
20163033400000
20172836300000
20182704700000
201928698000002859872727