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Topical Fire Report Series May 2021 | Volume 21, Issue 1

Fire Department Overall Run Profile
as Reported to the National Fire Incident Reporting System (2019)

Fire departments provide invaluable services to communities nationwide. To understand the full role they play in a community, this topical report profiles fire department run activity as reflected in the 2019 National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) data.

Download the full 10-page report

At a Glance

In 2019, fire departments responded to
28,534,400
incident calls
that were reported to NFIRS. This is a 6% increase over calls reported in 2017.

65% graph

Almost two-thirds (65%) of the reported calls to fire departments required emergency medical services (EMS) and rescue services.

4% graph

Only 4% of all reported fire department runs were fire related.

52% graph

About half (52%) of the reported calls were to residential properties. 70% required EMS or rescue services while only 3% were fire related.

calendar

In 2019, fire runs were more prevalent on Saturdays, whereas severe weather calls peaked on Sundays followed by a secondary peak on Thursdays.

Approximately 8% of reported runs involved mutual or automatic aid.

Fire department calls by major incident type category (2019)

In 2019, fire departments responded to 28,534,400 incident calls that were reported to NFIRS.

Of these reported calls, 18,477,603 (65%) required EMS and rescue services. EMS calls were by far the leading type of EMS and rescue service calls, followed by medical assists.

Source: NFIRS 5.0
EMS/rescue64.8
Good intent call11.3
False alarm/false call8.2
Service call7.4
Fire3.8
Hazardous condition (no fire)3.4
Special incident type0.8
Severe weather/natural disaster0.2
Overpressure rupture/explosion (no fire)0.1

EMS and rescue service calls (2019)

EMS calls were by far the leading type of EMS and rescue service calls, followed by medical assists.

Source: NFIRS 5.0
EMS call65.7
Medical assist14.6
Motor vehicle accident with injuries5.4
Motor vehicle accident with no injuries3.5
All other EMS and rescue calls10.7
Total does not add up to 100% due to rounding.