Topical Fire Report Series November 2018 | Volume 19, Issue 7

Winter Residential Building Fires (2014-2016)

Winter home fires account for a large portion of overall residential fire casualties. This report addresses the characteristics of winter home fires during the months of January, February and March from 2014 to 2016.

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At a Glance

In 2016, fire departments responded to
25,693,300
incident calls
that were reported to the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS).

Almost two-thirds (64 percent) of the reported calls to fire departments required Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and rescue services.


Only 5 percent of all reported fire department runs were fire related.

About half (52 percent) of the reported calls were to residential properties. Only 3 percent of these were fire related.


In 2016, fire departments responded to more severe weather calls reported on Saturdays than any other day of the week.

Approximately 9 percent of reported runs involved mutual or automatic aid.

These topical reports are designed to explore facets of the U.S. fire problem as depicted through data collected in the U.S. Fire Administration’s National Fire Incident Reporting System. Each topical report briefly addresses the nature of the specific fire or fire-related topic, highlights important findings from the data, and may suggest other resources to consider for further information.