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Fire Estimate Summary • April 2021

Residential Building Cooking Fire Trends (2010‑2019)

This fire estimate summary presents basic data on residential building cooking fires and losses in the United States as depicted through data reported to the U.S. Fire Administration's (USFA's) National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS). The summary also highlights important trends in the data.

National Estimates

The 2019 national estimates for residential building cooking fires and losses show that there were:

  • 178,100 fires.
  • 150 deaths.
  • 3,550 injuries.
  • $435,900,000 in dollar loss.

Overall Trends

Overall trends for residential building cooking fires and losses for the 10-year period of 2010 to 2019 show the following:

  • A 10% increase in fires.
  • A 7% increase in deaths.
  • A 19% decrease in injuries.
  • A 0.9% decrease in dollar loss. (This overall constant dollar-loss trend takes inflation into account by adjusting each year’s dollar loss to its equivalent 2019 value.)
The increases in some of these trends may be due to an NFIRS coding edit implemented in 2012.

Residential Building Cooking Fires

EstimateTrend (+10%)
2010166000174167
2011166600
2012182000
2013188000
2014189800
2015193400
2016183300
2017191800
2018192700
2019178100192173

Residential Building Cooking Fire Deaths

EstimateTrend (+7%)
2010140166
2011135
2012145
2013225
2014250
2015165
2016170
2017170
2018170
2019150178

Residential Building Cooking Fire Injuries

EstimateTrend (-19%)
201037504123
20113675
20124425
20134225
20144125
20153775
20163475
20173300
20183100
201935503357

Residential Building Cooking Fire Dollar Loss

Adjusted to 2019 Dollars

EstimateTrend (-0.9%)
2010371500000485758182
2011366000000
2012618800000
2013569300000
2014590000000
2015533700000
2016456800000
2017434800000
2018460000000
2019435900000481601818