Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock () or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Fire Estimate Summary • April 2021

Residential Building Fire Trends (2010‑2019)

This fire estimate summary presents basic data on residential building fires and losses in the United States as depicted through data reported to the U.S. Fire Administration's (USFA's) National Fire Incident Reporting System. The summary also highlights important trends in the data.

National Estimates

The 2019 national estimates for residential building fires and losses show that there were:

  • 354,400 fires.
  • 2,830 deaths.
  • 12,625 injuries.
  • $7,866,900,000 in dollar loss.

Overall Trends

Overall trends for residential building fires and losses for the 10-year period of 2010 to 2019 show the following:

  • A 0.3% decrease in fires.
  • A 14% increase in deaths.
  • A 16% decrease in injuries.
  • A 6% increase in dollar loss. (This overall constant dollar-loss trend takes inflation into account by adjusting each year’s dollar loss to its equivalent 2019 value.)

Residential Building Fires

EstimateTrend (-0.3%)
2010362100371729
2011364500
2012374000
2013380300
2014379500
2015380900
2016364300
2017371500
2018379600
2019354400370491

Residential Building Fire Deaths

EstimateTrend (+14%)
201025552486
20112450
20122385
20132755
20142765
20152565
20162775
20172695
20182790
201928302827

Residential Building Fire Injuries

EstimateTrend (-16%)
20101327513272
201113900
201213050
201312450
201412075
201511475
201611025
201710825
201811525
20191262511173

Residential Building Fire Dollar Loss

Adjusted to 2019 Dollars

EstimateTrend (+6%)
201077931000007581480000
20117559700000
20127909300000
20137545800000
20147451900000
20157657600000
20167799100000
20178132100000
20188343000000
201978669000008030220000