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Fire Estimate Summary • April 2021

Residential Building Intentional Fire Trends (2010‑2019)

This fire estimate summary presents basic data on residential building intentional fires and losses in the United States as depicted through data reported to the U.S. Fire Administration's (USFA's) National Fire Incident Reporting System. The summary also highlights important trends in the data.

National Estimates

The 2019 national estimates for residential building intentional fires and losses show that there were:

  • 15,800 fires.
  • 265 deaths.
  • 750 injuries.
  • $440,500,000 in dollar loss.

Overall Trends

Overall trends for residential building intentional fires and losses for the 10-year period of 2010 to 2019 show the following:

  • An 11% decrease in fires.
  • A 5% increase in deaths. In 2017, 12 reported multifatality fire incidents (resulting in 2 or 3 deaths each) may have contributed to the increase in the estimate of fire deaths.
  • A 12% decrease in injuries.
  • A 4% decrease in dollar loss. A $110,000,000 under-construction apartment complex fire in Waltham, Massachusetts, contributed to the 2017 dollar-loss peak. (This overall constant dollar-loss trend takes inflation into account by adjusting each year’s dollar loss to its equivalent 2019 value.)

Residential Building Intentional Fires

EstimateTrend (-11%)
20101600017249
201117400
201218800
201317100
201415800
201515600
201615200
201715700
201815900
20191580015411

Residential Building Intentional Fire Deaths

EstimateTrend (+5%)
2010260274
2011240
2012320
2013320
2014235
2015290
2016260
2017370
2018255
2019265289

Residential Building Intentional Fire Injuries

EstimateTrend (-12%)
2010750761
2011850
2012775
2013725
2014625
2015650
2016625
2017700
2018700
2019750669

Residential Building Intentional Fire Dollar Loss

Adjusted to 2019 Dollars

EstimateTrend (-4%)
2010573300000540049091
2011547300000
2012593300000
2013518900000
2014417300000
2015424000000
2016431800000
2017770300000
2018566600000
2019440500000516610909