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Fire Estimate Summary • April 2021

Residential Building Open Flame Fire Trends (2010‑2019)

This fire estimate summary presents basic data on residential building open flame fires and losses in the United States as depicted through data reported to the U.S. Fire Administration's (USFA's) National Fire Incident Reporting System. The summary also highlights important trends in the data.

National Estimates

The 2019 national estimates for residential building open flame fires and losses show that there were:

  • 15,300 fires.
  • 200 deaths.
  • 1,000 injuries.
  • $645,400,000 in dollar loss.

Overall Trends

Overall trends for residential building open flame fires and losses for the 10-year period of 2010 to 2019 show the following:

  • An 11% decrease in fires.
  • A 14% decrease in deaths.
  • A 24% decrease in injuries.
  • An 5% decrease in dollar loss. (This overall constant dollar-loss trend takes inflation into account by adjusting each year's dollar loss to its equivalent 2019 value.)

Residential Building Open Flame Fires

EstimateTrend (-11%)
20101680017562
201117000
201218200
201317500
201416800
201516400
201615800
201716000
201816300
20191530015658

Residential Building Open Flame Fire Deaths

EstimateTrend (-14%)
2010200180
2011195
2012175
2013165
2014160
2015115
2016145
2017180
2018140
2019200155

Residential Building Open Flame Fire Injuries

EstimateTrend (-24%)
201011501199
20111300
20121100
20131150
20141050
2015975
2016925
2017900
2018975
20191000906

Residential Building Open Flame Fire Dollar Loss

Adjusted to 2019 Dollars

EstimateTrend (-5%)
2010708200000681180000
2011687000000
2012703200000
2013616700000
2014664400000
2015664400000
2016566800000
2017660500000
2018736500000
2019645400000649440000