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Fire Estimate Summary • April 2021

Residential Building Smoking Fire Trends (2010‑2019)

This fire estimate summary presents basic data on residential building smoking fires and losses in the United States as depicted through data reported to the U.S. Fire Administration's (USFA's) National Fire Incident Reporting System. The summary also highlights important trends in the data.

National Estimates

The 2019 national estimates for residential building smoking fires and losses show that there were:

  • 7,000 fires.
  • 320 deaths.
  • 750 injuries.
  • $314,400,000 in dollar loss.

Overall Trends

Overall trends for residential building smoking fires and losses for the 10-year period of 2010 to 2019 show the following:

  • A 10% decrease in fires.
  • A 6% increase in deaths. In 2018, 7 reported multifatality fire incidents (including one resulting in 6 deaths) may have contributed to the increase in the estimate of fire deaths.
  • A 30% decrease in injuries.
  • An 11% decrease in dollar loss. (This overall constant dollar-loss trend takes inflation into account by adjusting each year's dollar loss to its equivalent 2019 value.)

Residential Building Smoking Fires

EstimateTrend (-10%)
201076008305
20117800
20129600
20138000
20147600
20158000
20167700
20177800
20187700
201970007455

Residential Building Smoking Fire Deaths

EstimateTrend (+6%)
2010350324
2011305
2012330
2013320
2014325
2015320
2016375
2017300
2018390
2019320343

Residential Building Smoking Fire Injuries

EstimateTrend (-30%)
2010950940
20111050
2012800
2013850
2014775
2015675
2016750
2017700
2018700
2019750660

Residential Building Smoking Fire Dollar Loss

Adjusted to 2019 Dollars

EstimateTrend (-11%)
2010335500000332872727
2011337000000
2012387600000
2013313400000
2014248300000
2015275900000
2016297700000
2017316000000
2018324700000
2019314400000297227273