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Fire Estimate Summary • April 2021

Residential Building Cause Under Investigation Fire Trends (2010‑2019)

This fire estimate summary presents basic data on residential building cause under investigation fires and losses in the United States as depicted through data reported to the U.S. Fire Administration's (USFA's) National Fire Incident Reporting System. The summary also highlights important trends in the data.

National Estimates

The 2019 national estimates for residential building cause under investigation fires and losses show that there were:

  • 4,700 fires.
  • 470 deaths.
  • 550 injuries.
  • $449,600,000 in dollar loss.

Overall Trends

Overall trends for residential building cause under investigation fires and losses for the 10-year period of 2010 to 2019 show the following:

  • A 33% increase in fires.
  • A 67% increase in deaths. In 2019, 10 reported multifatality fire incidents (resulting in 2, 3 or 4 deaths) may have contributed to the increase in the estimate of fire deaths.
  • A 23% increase in injuries.
  • An 18% increase in dollar loss. (This overall constant dollar-loss trend takes inflation into account by adjusting each year's dollar loss to its equivalent 2019 value.)

Residential Building Cause Under Investigation Fires

EstimateTrend (+33%)
201037003902
20113800
20124400
20134300
20144500
20154800
20165200
20175000
20185000
201947005178

Residential Building Cause Under Investigation Fire Deaths

EstimateTrend (+67%)
2010230256
2011350
2012285
2013275
2014305
2015365
2016405
2017355
2018375
2019470427

Residential Building Cause Under Investigation Fire Injuries

EstimateTrend (+23%)
2010475431
2011425
2012500
2013450
2014375
2015475
2016500
2017500
2018550
2019550529

Residential Building Cause Under Investigation Fire Dollar Loss

Adjusted to 2019 Dollars

EstimateTrend (+18%)
2010401700000403710909
2011413000000
2012406000000
2013479800000
2014388600000
2015423400000
2016471400000
2017478300000
2018488800000
2019449600000476409091