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Fire Estimate Summary • April 2021

Residential Building Other Unintentional, Careless Fire Trends (2010‑2019)

This fire estimate summary presents basic data on residential building other unintentional, careless fires and losses in the United States as depicted through data reported to the U.S. Fire Administration's (USFA's) National Fire Incident Reporting System. The summary also highlights important trends in the data.

National Estimates

The 2019 national estimates for residential building other unintentional, careless fires and losses show that there were:

  • 27,200 fires.
  • 585 deaths.
  • 1,650 injuries.
  • $1,570,900,000 in dollar loss.

Overall Trends

Overall trends for residential building other unintentional, careless fires and losses for the 10-year period of 2010 to 2019 show the following:

  • A 22% increase in fires.
  • A 52% increase in deaths. In 2018 and 2019, 16 and 18 reported multifatality fire incidents (resulting in 2, 3, 4 or 5 deaths each), respectively, may have contributed to the increase in the estimate of fire deaths.
  • A 9% increase in injuries.
  • A 30% increase in dollar loss. In 2018 and 2019, there were 33 and 30 incidents, respectively, with a reported dollar loss of $1,000,000 or more, which may have contributed to the continued increase in fire dollar loss. (This overall constant dollar-loss trend takes inflation into account by adjusting each year’s dollar loss to its equivalent 2019 value.)

Residential Building Other Unintentional, Careless Fires

EstimateTrend (+22%)
20102460022053
201124900
201221100
201321000
201422000
201524500
201624200
201726400
201828600
20192720026847

Residential Building Other Unintentional, Careless Fire Deaths

EstimateTrend (+52%)
2010435357
2011360
2012295
2013465
2014450
2015440
2016480
2017435
2018545
2019585541

Residential Building Other Unintentional, Careless Fire Injuries

EstimateTrend (+9%)
201015251283
20111625
20121050
20131075
20141075
20151350
20161325
20171300
20181450
201916501402

Residential Building Other Unintentional, Careless Fire Dollar Loss

Adjusted to 2019 Dollars

EstimateTrend (+30%)
201013304000001162409091
20111225500000
20121246300000
20131142400000
20141185900000
20151341300000
20161249400000
20171441100000
20181609100000
201915709000001506050909