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NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study Dashboard

This page presents a snapshot of statistics reported by U.S. fire departments participating in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) COVID‑19 Special Study.

From Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 2020, the COVID-19 Special Study collected 4,960,142 responses.


50 states

8,236 fire departments

fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS63.48%
2Good Intent11.29%
3Service Calls7.91%
4False Alarm/Calls7.88%

NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study summary

Reported responses by month

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.1532148623354642690420078251582014914142151492116323704210901
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.5119865536507243617858617540936090142111818272580
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.2407226319720363110483800784065794043513962543362743173343036222843613262328

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)757324204,16635,238240,485
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)32185,6511,1346,835
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)193,74966,3371,855,4381,033,0173,148,541
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)1,280497158,09327,478187,348
Service Calls (500-571)4,0461,803298,44388,049392,341
Good Intent Calls (600-672)8,4852,529391,610157,309559,933
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)2,335959320,34067,101390,735
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)171814,0721,46315,570
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)1918914,2863,52218,088
Blank Incident Type9622922266

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. EMS call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. Emergency medical service, other.
  5. Rescue, EMS call, other.

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Hospital – medical or psychiatric.