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NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study Dashboard

This page presents a snapshot of statistics reported by U.S. fire departments participating in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) COVID‑19 Special Study.

10378533

Total collected responses as of Aug. 31, 2021. (valid incidents only)

NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study summary

COVID-19 Special Study CodeCOVID-19 Special Study Code202020212020‑2021 Total
TotalPercentTotalPercentTotalPercent
1
Yes, COVID 19 was suspected.
2920334.43811252.143731583.60
2
Yes, COVID 19 was confirmed.
1006581.53446581.181453161.40
3
No, COVID 19 was not a factor.
419124563.57245655564.89664780064.05
4
Unknown
200914130.47120311831.78321225930.95
2020‑2021 Total6593077100378545610010378533100

2021 Participation

47 states

7,290 fire departments

451,518 fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS64.23%
2Good Intent11.23%
3Service Calls8.02%
4False Alarm/Calls7.64%
5Fires4.90%

Reported responses by month in 2021

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugTotal
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.2720516085123351011067404164395353381125
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.1992472344229546532141391263556644658
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.358164370394394777371152348339334680266341127082456555
Unknown214556201551192656179836157460139251106879109291203118
Total619849595264603997566563515753479486379808247363785456

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)578188151,48633,234185,486
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)44194,1831,1445,390
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)72,00141,1241,444,608873,5792,431,312
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)849185100,59923,051124,684
Service Calls (500-571)2,4681,175222,70177,121303,465
Good Intent Calls (600-672)3,4541,560289,305130,854425,173
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)1,640354226,97160,324289,289
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)1357,0399417,998
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)78489,6632,87012,659
Total81,12544,6582,456,5551,203,1183,785,456

2021

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. EMS call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. Emergency medical service, other.
  5. Assist invalid.

2021

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Clinics, doctors offices, hemodialysis centers.

2020 Participation

50 states

9,664 fire departments

1,435,208 fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS63.71%
2Good Intent11.77%
3Service Calls7.94%
4False Alarm/Calls7.67%
5Fires4.55%

Reported responses by month in 2020

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.1532779782421023366825903339122757421434242893289740042292033
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.8141068638661355517100247841526690022038429013100658
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.3698730492808323695444516634908965046264956574464244445074212694183484191245
Unknown928311181267691436551868652017402350332358262206262393762434182553692009141
Total46431419641184515616876783317240567835957668986937507171747179687427726593077

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)1,170351249,89348,610300,024
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)51207,3381,6019,010
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)265,87091,7602,381,8821,460,9434,200,455
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)1,925596196,58137,435236,537
Service Calls (500-571)6,4473,071389,746124,271523,535
Good Intent Calls (600-672)11,9213,566525,284235,160775,931
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)4,2871,167405,35494,822505,630
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)301816,8271,82818,703
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)33210918,3404,47123,252
Total292,033100,6584,191,2452,009,1416,593,077

2020

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. EMS call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. Emergency medical service, other.
  5. Rescue, EMS call, other.

2020

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Hotel/motel, commercial.