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NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study Dashboard

This page presents a snapshot of statistics reported by U.S. fire departments participating in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) COVID‑19 Special Study.

12220228

Total collected responses as of Nov. 10, 2021. (valid incidents only)

NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study summary

COVID-19 Special Study CodeCOVID-19 Special Study Code202020212020‑2021 Total
TotalPercentTotalPercentTotalPercent
1
Yes, COVID 19 was suspected.
2977024.391188712.194165733.41
2
Yes, COVID 19 was confirmed.
1030531.52763191.401793721.47
3
No, COVID 19 was not a factor.
431019163.56354033165.09785052264.24
4
Unknown
207016430.53170359731.32377376130.88
2020‑2021 Total6781110100543911810012220228100

2021 Participation

47 states

7,862 fire departments

686,575 fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS64.25%
2Good Intent11.18%
3Service Calls7.93%
4False Alarm/Calls7.88%
5Fires4.62%

Reported responses by month in 2021

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctTotal*
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.2822617140139521200381495304589313224105474394118871
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.207297542451259793758172241241424010408326976319
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.3770533897734188884054214082284047463938023411522546041449863540331
Unknown221684210282205570196259184134170838161428158498122837711921703597
Total6476926247376429226196626042695826105652475271143983962238415,436,490

*5,439,118 total responses through Nov. 10.

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)814260205,03445,168251,276
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)67225,9271,6037,619
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)105,28470,5262,079,2971,239,6643,494,771
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)1,212281150,58833,690185,771
Service Calls (500-571)3,8401,917317,893107,584431,234
Good Intent Calls (600-672)5,0672,675417,569182,716608,027
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)2,455532338,37087,507428,864
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)21911,4531,65313,136
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)1119714,2004,01218,420
Total118,87176,3193,540,3311,703,5975,439,118

2021

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. EMS call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. Emergency medical service, other.
  5. Rescue, EMS call, other.

2021

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Clinics, doctors offices, hemodialysis centers.

2020 Participation

50 states

9,846 fire departments

1,460,483 fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS63.53%
2Good Intent11.86%
3Service Calls7.96%
4False Alarm/Calls7.72%
5Fires4.54%

Reported responses by month in 2020

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.1542779851423653394526152344542817821894251793386641387297702
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.8141072643861945569101437989541893042098629918103053
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.3896732539833543744474582694990495161735102014614254644924361254351504310191
Unknown937811288273831450101888362047582435412450722303742487962512122645162070164
Total48507441181216605682606872447355288043117914407191117477717421897709716781110

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)1,191363256,32649,939307,819
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)56247,5831,6729,335
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)270,62093,8892,442,4391,501,2994,308,247
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)2,005607203,13839,196244,946
Service Calls (500-571)6,5563,138401,581128,794540,069
Good Intent Calls (600-672)12,5053,669543,958243,870804,002
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)4,4031,232418,76798,865523,267
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)301817,4141,89319,355
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)33611318,9854,63624,070
Total297,702103,0534,310,1912,070,1646,781,110

2020

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. EMS call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. Emergency medical service, other.
  5. Rescue, EMS call, other.

2020

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Hotel/motel, commercial.