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NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study Dashboard

This page presents a snapshot of statistics reported by U.S. fire departments participating in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) COVID‑19 Special Study.

From Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 2020, the COVID-19 Special Study collected 5,680,856 responses.


50 states

9,193 fire departments

fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS63.61%
2Good Intent11.37%
3False Alarm/Calls8.00%
4Service Calls7.93%

NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study summary

Reported responses by month

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.1522318919375513023422679289962377718269212212912132610253760
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.71310105940566146878502664346108148185592337287152
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.3591428838757013313404027994355664438254337733845933846253652663615823683822

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)1,056319213,63838,365253,378
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)43206,5091,3597,931
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)230,69079,1872,097,1181,206,5703,613,565
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)1,735558181,11733,309216,719
Service Calls (500-571)5,6372,744337,998103,836450,215
Good Intent Calls (600-672)10,3373,106447,525185,087646,055
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)4,0151,108367,16481,950454,237
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)291816,1081,73117,886
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)2189216,6453,91520,870

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. EMS call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. Emergency medical service, other.
  5. Rescue, EMS call, other.

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Hospital – medical or psychiatric.