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NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study Dashboard

This page presents a snapshot of statistics reported by U.S. fire departments participating in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) COVID‑19 Special Study.

11436680

Total collected responses as of Oct. 7, 2021. (valid incidents only)

NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study summary

COVID-19 Special Study CodeCOVID-19 Special Study Code202020212020‑2021 Total
TotalPercentTotalPercentTotalPercent
1
Yes, COVID 19 was suspected.
2963304.401010662.153973963.47
2
Yes, COVID 19 was confirmed.
1024691.52619271.321643961.44
3
No, COVID 19 was not a factor.
427842763.54306039665.07733882364.17
4
Unknown
205634530.54147972031.46353606530.92
2020‑2021 Total6733571100470310910011436680100

2021 Participation

47 states

7,586 fire departments

581,587 fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS64.24%
2Good Intent11.23%
3Service Calls7.92%
4False Alarm/Calls7.77%
5Fires4.72%

Reported responses by month in 2021

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepTotal*
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.27705167591348710903784850185219104693621101029
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.2037974114393583936391649361911408356561902
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.367430381101408861395579394940384506355946278623921923059178
Unknown218213206739200928189042178089161327144635129433502961478702
Total6337276120106276696013635845165525005094194299331496744700811

*4,703,109 total responses through Oct. 7.

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)684223181,32039,767221,994
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)50215,0891,3556,515
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)89,83657,1601,797,5321,076,8513,021,379
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)1,018239129,64328,988159,888
Service Calls (500-571)2,9881,521274,69693,262372,467
Good Intent Calls (600-672)4,3172,234361,723159,909528,183
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)2,068455288,31374,753365,589
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)1789,8431,41011,278
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)886612,2373,42515,816
Total101,06661,9273,060,3961,479,7204,703,109

2021

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. EMS call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. Emergency medical service, other.
  5. Assist invalid.

2021

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Clinics, doctors offices, hemodialysis centers.

2020 Participation

50 states

9,740 fire departments

1,456,523 fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS63.64%
2Good Intent11.86%
3Service Calls7.96%
4False Alarm/Calls7.66%
5Fires4.53%

Reported responses by month in 2020

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.1532779815423353387826093343542807721770249503360441024296330
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.8141063643061725540101147958536992242087829699102469
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.3877432242827723733824565984965475130725061224566984590474320694311044278427
Unknown933211243270711447371882302039282422242435282284012461302491892623322056345
Total48267437761207215668846848787321087997647856857122387393517357407641596733571

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)1,177355254,26749,422305,221
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)52207,4781,6469,196
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)269,55893,4212,429,0661,493,3814,285,426
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)1,926601200,04638,330240,903
Service Calls (500-571)6,4973,115398,628127,745535,985
Good Intent Calls (600-672)12,4473,638539,860242,352798,297
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)4,3091,190413,13797,083515,719
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)301817,1221,85719,027
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)33411118,8234,52923,797
Total296,330102,4694,278,4272,056,3456,733,571

2020

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. EMS call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. Emergency medical service, other.
  5. Rescue, EMS call, other.

2020

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Hotel/motel, commercial.