An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock () or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study Dashboard

This page presents a snapshot of statistics reported by U.S. fire departments participating in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) COVID-19 Special Study.

From Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 2020, the COVID-19 Special Study collected 4,738,093 responses.


50 states

8,138 fire departments

fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS63.36%
2Good Intent11.31%
3False Alarm/Calls7.93%
4Service Calls7.91%

NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study summary

Reported responses by month

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.1532138584353302680019906246291886713403136601840520327200277
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.599845521505343297667581338675686130731610968116
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.2357525673711193085773782284039543979183756603241712951762722832438703120204

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)686319196,17233,373230,550
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)32185,4711,1066,627
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)184,01962,1711,770,525985,3963,002,111
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)1,247474151,95726,239179,917
Service Calls (500-571)3,8301,709285,88683,482374,907
Good Intent Calls (600-672)8,0132,405374,836150,422535,676
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)2,282932307,70864,741375,663
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)171813,6241,41115,070
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)1426413,7943,30417,304
Blank Incident Type9623122268

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. EMS call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. Emergency medical service, other.
  5. Rescue, EMS call, other.

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Hospital – medical or psychiatric.