Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock () or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study Dashboard

This page presents a snapshot of statistics reported by U.S. fire departments participating in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) COVID‑19 Special Study.

17413982

Total collected responses as of May 6, 2022. (valid incidents only)

NFIRS COVID-19 Special Study summary

COVID-19 Special Study CodeCOVID-19 Special Study Code2020202120222020‑2022 Total
TotalPercentTotalPercentTotalPercentTotalPercent
1
Yes, COVID 19 was suspected.
3002794.362073882.34411932.465488603.15
2
Yes, COVID 19 was confirmed.
1044021.521383831.56273481.632701331.55
3
No, COVID 19 was not a factor.
437629363.55563216963.62107317964.051108164163.64
4
Unknown
210512030.57287432032.4753390831.86551334831.66
2020‑2022 Total68860941008852260100167562810017413982100

2022 Participation

43 states

6,098 fire departments

237,794 fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS65.04%
2Good Intent11.14%
3Service Calls7.87%
4False Alarm/Calls7.53%
5Fires4.74%

Reported responses by month in 2022

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprTotal*
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.2521993605388118541193
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.21306493591019327348
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.385643323855300580621411073179
Unknown20412015781513790133435533908
Total636288495965444779969541675628

* Includes partial May responses

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)2517464,43414,61379,372
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)3151,8115752,422
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)36,76925,386638,970388,6471,089,772
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)44212041,48410,31752,363
Service Calls (500-571)1,65164495,77833,765131,838
Good Intent Calls (600-672)1,289712127,51057,111186,622
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)71417697,75427,571126,215
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)112,1923372,531
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)452303,2469724,493
Total41,19327,3481,073,179533,9081,675,628

2022

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. Emergency medical service (EMS) call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. EMS, other.
  5. Assist invalid.

2022

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Clinics, doctors offices, hemodialysis centers.

2021 Participation

50 states

9,303 fire departments

1,222,283 fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS64.82%
2Good Intent11.23%
3Service Calls7.96%
4False Alarm/Calls7.63%
5Fires4.40%

Reported responses by month in 2021

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.20114194961658014724110978347117022470521554141611218917413207388
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.26044874354367175461522416530240691910910128995114342138383
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.4298234271404642944666764841614976335558545160244682374563664224654434965632169
Unknown2581002339602395832401752345912251622512912692862502542308792096232314162874320
Total7487696899577258937287507344647333838253778340847591547115346542287066678852260

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)1,289394314,70473,150389,537
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)94269,1632,69711,980
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)186,007128,8683,332,4132,090,8525,738,140
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)1,794505232,06855,648290,015
Service Calls (500-571)6,1013,153511,164184,606705,024
Good Intent Calls (600-672)8,3814,430669,223312,472994,506
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)3,513824525,631145,415675,383
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)281016,1372,50318,678
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)18117321,6666,97728,997
Total207,388138,3835,632,1692,874,3208,852,260

2021

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. Emergency medical service (EMS) call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. EMS, other.
  5. Rescue, EMS call, other.

2021

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Clinics, doctors offices, hemodialysis centers.

2020 Participation

50 states

9,960 fire departments

1,471,527 fire service personnel responses to confirmed or suspected COVID-19 incidents

Incident types with Special Study code

1Rescue and EMS63.49%
2Good Intent11.83%
3Service Calls7.98%
4False Alarm/Calls7.74%
5Fires4.54%

Reported responses by month in 2020

COVID-19 Special Study codeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Yes, COVID-19 was suspected.1542779862426353413226265346122834722043255203434142091300279
Yes, COVID-19 was confirmed.8141073648762655621102008051546794442135330419104402
No, COVID-19 was not a factor.3916132818837663775634620275036155229425193914678404747904462354461454376293
Unknown950111429275581463301905782069312465812486152341202540542565772728462105120
Total48824445381222595730156930027424328143358044047294707638087585067915016886094

Reported responses by incident type category and Special Study code

Incident type categoryYes, COVID-19 suspectedYes, COVID-19 confirmedNo, COVID-19 not a factorUnknownTotal
Fires (100-173)1,195366260,48850,871312,920
Overpressure Rupture, Explosion, Overheat Calls (200-251)57257,8811,7619,724
Rescue and EMS Calls (300-381)273,02395,1282,478,0051,526,1344,372,209
Hazardous Condition Calls (400-482)2,015613207,23740,174250,039
Service Calls (500-571)6,6043,185408,196131,252549,237
Good Intent Calls (600-672)12,5713,698551,352247,202814,823
False Alarm and False Calls (700-751)4,4451,256426,074101,052532,827
Severe Weather and Natural Disaster Calls (800-815)311817,8191,92619,794
Special Incident Type Calls (900-911)33811319,2414,74824,440
Total300,279104,4024,376,2932,105,1206,886,094

2020

Top 5 incident types
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. Emergency medical service (EMS) call, excluding vehicle accident with injury.
  2. Medical assist, assist EMS crew.
  3. Dispatched and cancelled en route.
  4. EMS, other.
  5. Rescue, EMS call, other.

2020

Top 5 property use
for confirmed or suspected responses

  1. 1- or 2-family dwelling.
  2. Multifamily dwellings.
  3. 24-hour care nursing homes, 4 or more persons.
  4. Residential, other.
  5. Hotel/motel, commercial.