In less than 30 seconds a small flame can get completely out of control and turn into a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to fill a home. In minutes, a home can be engulfed in flames. If you wake up to a fire, you won't have time to grab valuables because fire spreads too quickly and the smoke is too thick. There is only time to escape.
A fire's heat alone can kill. Room temperatures in a fire can be 100 F at floor level and rise to over 1,000 F at eye level. Inhaling this super-hot air will scorch your lungs. This heat can melt clothes to your skin. In five minutes a room can get so hot that everything in it ignites at once: this is called flashover.
Fire starts bright, but quickly produces black smoke and complete darkness. If you wake up to a fire you may be blinded, disoriented and unable to find your way around the home you've lived in for years.
Smoke and toxic gases kill more people than flames do.
Fire uses up the oxygen you need and produces smoke and poisonous gases that kill. Breathing even small amounts of smoke and toxic gases can make you drowsy, disoriented and short of breath. The odorless, colorless fumes can lull you into a deep sleep before the flames reach your door. You may not wake up in time to escape.
With the free Fire Safety Materials Generator, you can create customized door hangers, flyers and activity guides using proven fire safety messages with your logo and information. Get started now at strategicfire.org.
Planning for public fire education
The role of fire safety educators is complex and each community is unique. Communities vary with respect to fire safety risk factors, target audiences, and resources available. A one-size-fits-all approach just won’t work; that’s why this toolkit was created. It will lead you step by step through the development or enhancement of your fire safety education program to meet the specific needs of your community.
Whether you are just getting started in fire safety education, or you are a seasoned educator, this toolkit will get you on your way to a successful program.
Adding a fire safety trailer can take your education program to a whole new level by providing students with hands-on learning opportunities that build upon what they learn in the classroom. This curriculum offers you an “out-of-the-box” way to use a fire safety trailer to teach students of all ages about fire safety.
The “Fire-Safe Seniors” program helps fire departments and other community organizations to plan and implement fire safety interventions for the high-risk group of older adults. It uses home assessments, smoke alarm installation, education and follow-up to ensure a comprehensive approach to fire prevention. A free toolkit is available to help you implement the program.
Information to help you spread the word about safe cooking, working smoke alarms and other fire risks in your community. The presentation includes slides to cover both essential and audience-specific home fire safety information for any community presentation.
The curriculum includes an educator’s guide for teachers, a CD of songs and stories, a family guide, a coloring and activity booklet, and a poster to help educators reach preschoolers with simple, memorable fire safety messages.
Using IPAWS for public safety messaging
During an emergency, alert and warning officials need to provide the public with life-saving information quickly. The Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) saves time when time matters most, communicating messages about protecting life and property.
Federal, state, local, tribal and territorial alerting authorities can use IPAWS. By integrating local systems that use Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) standards with IPAWS, officials can alert and warn the public about serious emergencies using the Emergency Alert System, Wireless Emergency Alerts, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Radio, and other public alerting systems from a single interface.
This video showcases the latest research and provides practical guidance on how to write alert messages. The importance of using multiple delivery methods to promote public action more effectively is also discussed.