Coffee break Bulletin

Addressing wildland fire challenges
with the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy

Posted: April 21, 2020

The three strategy goals are resilient landscapes, fire-adapted communities, and safe and effective risk-based wildfire response.

This Coffee Break Bulletin provides information on the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy and how it helps local fire departments and residents in wildfire-prone regions to create cities and neighborhoods that can survive wildfire events.

Why the strategy was developed

The 2009 Federal Land Assistance and Enhancement Act (FLAME Act) directed the development of the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy by the federal government. The strategy:

  • Establishes a national vision for wildland fire management.
  • Defines three national goals.
  • Describes the wildland fire challenges.
  • Identifies opportunities to reduce wildfire risks.
  • Establishes national priorities focused on achieving the national goals.

Today, the strategy serves as the key framework for addressing wildland fire challenges across the nation. With the growing wildfire threat over the past 10 years, the Wildland Fire Leadership Council, in which the U.S. Fire Administration participates, continues to serve as the key leadership body to adapt and implement policies that address the challenges within wildland fire now and for years to come.

Strategy goals

The National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy encourages everyone to work together using the best management practices and good research to make progress in three main goals: resilient landscapes, fire-adapted communities, and safe and effective risk-based wildfire response.

a chart showing how the 3 goals overlap with Science in the middle

Three national regions help to coordinate efforts: the Northeast, Southeast and the West.

For information about how your fire department can participate, contact your regional committee.

U.S. map showing the Northeast, Southeast and West regions.

Action items for fire departments

  1. Help your jurisdiction create a Community Wildfire Protection Plan.
  2. Provide guidance to resident leaders to develop fire-adapted communities.
  3. Ensure that fire service personnel responding to wildfires have adequate training and equipment.

Further reading

The National Strategy. An overview of the management options, risk trade-offs, national priority maps, and implementation of the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy.

The Science Analysis of The National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy.

National Fire Academy training

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