Other training resources

Use these free resources to assist you with your fire and emergency services day-to-day responsibilities or to meet your training and professional development needs.


Previously recorded (free to watch)

Job aids

Fire Protection Equipment Demonstration Tools

Fire inspectors, firefighters and building officials who have to work with modern fire protection systems often like to have hands-on training with these devices.

The National Fire Academy offers a free handbook so you can build your own fixed or mobile training facility for fire protection systems and equipment such as automatic sprinklers, fire pumps, range hood suppression systems and standpipes.

This product helps:

Fire Protection Equipment Demonstration Tools Job Aid ZIP 20.2 MB

Illustration: Time vs. Products of Combustion

The illustration demonstrates the relationship between time and how a fire grows. Various warnings and interventions, such as smoke alarms, fire sprinklers and the fire department, are depicted along the timeline.

Illustration: Time vs. Products of Combustion PDF 1.1 MB

Using Engineer and Architect Scales

Using and interpreting information from engineer (civil) and architect scales is an important fire protection engineering skill. Construction and fire protection equipment drawings must be interpreted with a high degree of accuracy.

Given an architect or engineer scale and a set of scaled drawings, this job aid will show you how to select the correct scale (tool) and interpret dimensions with 100 percent accuracy.

Using Engineer and Architect Scales PDF 817 KB

Online firefighting training tool

Firefighting is best learned by doing, but “live fire” training is expensive and dangerous for the trainee. It’s also difficult to provide training on the wide range of fire conditions that firefighters might experience in a real-world fire.

To help provide safe, cost-effective, and varied training for firefighters, USFA teamed up with the National Institute of Standards and Technology to develop a computer-based training tool.

Download the tool for access to:

Wildland training skills crosswalk for structural firefighters

The Skills Crosswalk (Crosswalk) identifies critical wildland firefighting skills that structural firefighters need to be safe and effective in either of two situations: when performing initial attack on a wildland fire in their jurisdiction, or when working with state and federal wildland firefighter agencies.

Benefits of the Crosswalk

Qualified structural firefighters already possess basic knowledge and competencies, and the Crosswalk focuses study and practical learning exercises on only critical wildland fire suppression concepts that are not addressed in structural training curriculum. Redundancies between wildland and structural fire suppression training programs are then significantly reduced.

Course hours required for each of the three positions identified in the Crosswalk have been reduced to only address the identified gap. Completion of the standard National Wildland Coordinating Group (NWCG) curriculum requires about 233.5 classroom hours to complete coursework required for Strike Team Leader. The Crosswalk enables a qualified company officer (National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 1021 or equivalent) to complete focused coursework in a shorter period.

Overview + -

The Crosswalk was developed by analyzing and comparing NFPA structural firefighting standards with NWCG wildland firefighting Position Task Books (PTBs). The resulting Crosswalk identifies wildland skills and knowledge not incorporated within standard structural firefighting training. By incorporating a structural firefighter’s existing fire suppression knowledge and skills, use of the Crosswalk reduces required classroom hours, minimizes curriculum redundancies, and makes efficient use of limited training hours (reference Gap course outlines in the Field Manager’s Course Guide, PMS 901-1.

Coursework and practical demonstration of skills using NWCG PTBs (or other appropriate means) have been incorporated into the Crosswalk. The NWCG Wildland Fire Qualification System Guide, PMS 310-1 is the authoritative source for determining qualifications addressed by the Crosswalk.

Purpose of the Crosswalk + -

In every area of the nation, rural development is expanding into wildland areas. Since the 1980s the rural population has more than doubled, with 140 million people now living in rural areas. As a result, rural and volunteer firefighters increasingly manage fire in the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI).

The Crosswalk provides a performance-based methodology and a learning resource guide for qualified structural firefighters to develop wildland firefighting knowledge and skills in a focused and time-efficient format. Structural firefighters with wildland skills work more safely and effectively on initial and extended attack operations. Cooperative firefighting efforts with neighboring jurisdictions and with federal wildland firefighters are enhanced.

The Crosswalk provides a standardized resource to guide local agencies in the development of training programs structured to meet needs of structural fire department personnel. By implementing the Crosswalk, wildland fire protection capacity and capability will be increased throughout the nation.

NWCG positions used for the Crosswalk + -

Three specific NWCG positions are incorporated in Crosswalk, each paired with a counterpart structural position, as shown below:

Structural fire position

  • Non-Supervisory Structural Firefighter
  • Advanced Driver/Operator/Engineer or Company Officer
  • Experienced lieutenants, captains, chief officers

NWCG wildland fire position

  • Firefighter 1 (FFT1)*
  • Engine Boss, Single Resource (ENGB)
  • Strike Team Leader (STEN)

Required entering qualifications

  • Meets NFPA 1001 for Firefighter 2, or equivalency
  • Meets NFPA 1021 for Fire Officer 1, or equivalency
  • Meets NFPA 1021 for Fire Officer 2, or equivalency

* NWCG wildland firefighter position designations 1 and 2 are opposite of NFPA designation (Firefighter 1 = advanced). Firefighter 2 (FFT2) is a prerequisite to FFT1. FFT2 qualification includes all training and experience as described in the NWCG PMS 310-1.

Using the Crosswalk + -

Authority Having Jurisdiction

The designated Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) plays a primary role in the use and administration of the Crosswalk. The AHJ is defined by NFPA as an organization, office or individual responsible for enforcing the requirements of a code or standard, or for approving equipment, materials, installation or a procedure.

State and/or local law designate the AHJ for wildland fire protection within a given jurisdiction. Fire department chiefs, state fire marshals, state foresters, training officers, and other qualified fire protection officials are typically designated as the AHJ. The AHJ determines firefighter eligibility for Crosswalk use.

Training organizations

State fire training authorities, state, county or city municipalities, rural fire districts, individual fire departments, or other agencies and organizations responsible for local firefighter training and/or certification may use the Crosswalk. The Crosswalk can serve as an avenue of equivalency with NWCG standards. It may also be used to guide local firefighters in the development of wildland firefighting skills.

Instructor qualifications

Qualifications for instructors to teach the NWCG curriculum are described on the Gap course pages in the Field Manager’s Course Guide, PMS 901-1. Certification of instructor qualifications is the responsibility of the employing agency. All instructors should have training in how to be an instructor and be experienced in the content they are teaching.

Structural firefighters

The Crosswalk can be used as an NWCG equivalency and certification tool by structural firefighters and fire officers who meet the qualifications of firefighters as specified by NFPA 1001 and NFPA 1021, respectively, or the training standard determined as equivalent by the AHJ.

Crosswalk contents + -

For each position level, the Crosswalk has two components: knowledge and skills, and performance evaluation and documentation.

Knowledge and skills

The Crosswalk identifies the specific knowledge and skills identified as gaps for structural firefighters. It indicates the corresponding NWCG course or lesson component, the lesson style (e.g., web-based/online or classroom presentation) and the length of the training. Portions of the curriculum are available in modular self-study or online formats as indicated in the outlines in the Field Manager’s Course Guide (reference Gap ‘G’ course pages).

The primary means of knowledge transfer is through streamlined classroom training. Demonstrations and field exercises are sometimes required to complement the curriculum. Ideally, training officials should use the NWCG lesson components within the context of their own training development.

Performance evaluation and documentation

The NWCG PTBs for each position qualification level are the recommended tool to evaluate successful performance, and they serve as documentation of required tasks, behavior and knowledge. Alternative types of training and experience documentation are acceptable, but must be equivalent in content to the PTB used for the position.

The Crosswalk and NWCG position certification + -

Upon completion of the required academic and performance tasks, the AHJ reviews the candidate’s Crosswalk documentation. Taking into account the candidate’s skills, abilities, experience, aptitudes, and overall fit for the position, the AHJ may certify the individual as qualified for the NWCG position at once, or may require additional study and/or practical training for certification.

Position certifications of firefighters and company officers completing the Crosswalk process are accepted by NWCG member organizations as fully equivalent to standard NWCG certifications.

Roles, responsibility and accountability

The NWCG and the U.S. Fire Administration expect that fire protection organizations assuming wildland duties do so with safety as their first priority. The Crosswalk was developed to improve safety and operational effectiveness in wildland fire suppression activities. The process allows for a performance-based approach to qualifications by acknowledging the existing skills of qualified structural personnel.

Successful implementation of the Crosswalk—and its credibility as a system of certification and equivalency for the structural fire service—depends on the professionalism and accountability of its users. As such, participants in the Crosswalk process have distinct roles and responsibilities to protect its integrity.

The AHJ is responsible for:

The firefighter is responsible for:

More training resources for wildland firefighting

Additional training and professional development resources