Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) toolkit

Wildland Urban Interface toolkit: Planning

Learn about Community Wildfire Protection Plans

The incentive for communities to engage in wildfire protection planning and prioritization was given new emphasis with the enactment of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act (HFRA) in 2003. The resources below provide communities with the information they need to develop a Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP).

Healthy Forests Initiative and Healthy Forests Restoration Act: Interim Field Guide

This guide will help your community to understand the benefits of having a CWPP. The HFRA encourages the development of these plans and outlines their contents.

Integrating Community Wildfire Protection Plans and Natural Hazards Mitigation Plans PDF 696 KB

These plans benefit communities striving to reduce risk to natural hazards. This document highlights their benefits, identifies relevant enabling policy, and showcases methods for integrating wildfire protection and natural hazard mitigation plans.

Preparing a Community Wildfire Protection Plan: A Handbook for Wildland-Urban Interface Communities PDF 680 KB

This handbook provides communities with a concise, step-by-step guide to use in developing a CWPP. It addresses issues such as who to involve in developing a plan, how to convene other interested parties, what elements to consider in assessing community risks and priorities, and how to develop a mitigation or protection plan to address those risks.

Land use planning

Land Use Planning is a process by which a governing authority determines uses and regulations for land within its jurisdiction in order to determine what type of development will be allowed under what conditions. Visit the Colorado Wildfire Risk Assessment Portal and read the Highway 31 Fire after action report for additional information.

Community Planning Assistance for Wildfire (CPAW) program

Funded by the U. S. Department of Agriculture’s Forest Service, this program provides technical assistance to towns, cities, counties, municipalities and other eligible communities seeking to address their wildfire challenges through land use planning tools. Planning assistance comes at no charge, but communities must apply through a competitive process.

Planning resources from FEMA

Hazard mitigation planning

This page provides resources for state, tribal, local officials and other parties engaged in developing and implementing hazard mitigation plans.

Best practices and success stories

Best Management Practices for Creating a CWPP PDF 2.7 MB

Communities can learn a great deal from the experiences of those who have developed CWPPs before them. In this publication, best management practices are identified for 13 communities in eight states.

Beyond the Basics — Best Practices in Local Mitigation Planning

Includes examples of local hazard mitigation plans that are considered to be best practices based on research.

Building a Wildfire Preparedness Plan: We're All In This Thing Together

This article describes New Jersey's wildland urban interface challenges.

Long-Term Recovery Planning: Where We Started (Learning Exchange Summary)

County planners, business owners, public works officials, emergency managers and non-profit directors participated in the exchange, exploring long-term recovery after a wildfire and how to best cultivate community disaster resilience.

Planning for Wildfire in the Wildland-Urban Interface: A Resource Guide for Idaho Communities

This guide provides data on over 30 wildfire code provisions from throughout Idaho and the West that provide a start for any local government seeking a resource of models to draft wildfire codes.

Taking-Off the Training Wheels: A Community Gears Up For More FAC Work

The results of a multifaceted project in Colorado that incorporated mitigation, outreach and education with a robust home risk assessment process.

Toro Creek Fire Success Story

A short article on how using pre-attack fire maps and a fuel break kept the fire small, despite significant growth potential due to heavy fuel loads and steep topography.

Wildfire Risk Reduction in Florida: Home, Neighborhood and Community Best Practices PDF 12 MB

This guide provides best practices for addressing Florida's growing WUI, including regulatory approaches, local planning strategies, collaboration and outreach, community design, building construction, landscaping and fire and fuel management.