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Statistics

Data sets and statistics about fires, fire risk, firefighters and fire departments in the United States.

Main content

Firefighter fatalities in 2022

 

Home fire fatalities in 2022

 

The risk of death or injury from fire is not the same for everyone. For some groups of people, fire risk is more severe.

Men are more likely to die and be injured in fires.

GendersDeathsInjuries
Male62.3%59.6%
Female37.7%40.4%

National fire death rate: 11.4
National fire injury rate: 45.9

per million population (2020)

Our latest reports

Fire Department Overall Run Profile as Reported to the National Fire Incident Reporting System (2020)

Fire departments provide invaluable services to communities nationwide. To understand the full role they play in a community, this topical report profiles fire department run activity as reflected in the 2020 NFIRS data.

Recreational Vehicle (RV) Fires (2018-2020)

This data snapshot provides statistics on RV fire loss, time of alarm, fires by day and month, fire cause, and leading areas of fire origin.

Portable Heater Fires in Residential Buildings (2017-2019)

While portable heater fires in residential buildings were only 3% of all heating fires in residential buildings, their consequences were substantial, accounting for 41% of fatal heating fires in residential buildings. Many of these fires were preventable, as human error was a contributing factor to the fire.

Heating Fires in Residential Buildings (2017-2019)

Although trending downward since the early 1980's, heating fires remained the second leading cause of residential building fires.

Fire Estimate Summary Series

Residential building fire causes

Cooking was the leading cause of home fires in 2020.

51.8%
Cooking
8.9%
Heating
7.5%
Unintentional, careless
6.3%
Electrical malfunction

Get statistics on residential building fires

U.S. fire department responses (2020)

Emergency medical services (EMS) calls are by far the leading incident type that U.S. fire departments respond to.

See how your state compares
Source: National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) 5.0
EMS64.2
Good intent11.7
False alarms8.0
Service calls7.6
Fires3.9
All other4.6

Fires, deaths, injuries and dollar loss

Fires (2011-2020)

2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fires1389500137500012400001298000134550013420001319500131850012915001388500

Fire deaths (2011-2020)

2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deaths3005285532403275328033903400365537043500

Fire injuries (2011-2020)

2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Injuries17500165001592515775157001465014670152001660015200

Fire dollar loss (2011-2020)

(Adjusted to 2020 $)
YearDollar loss
201113414647744
201214008398726
201312804065879
201412687135269
201515612718404
201614666607270
201724284648336
201826385411797
201915002831998
202021866000000
2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Dollar loss13.414.012.812.715.614.724.326.415.021.9

Excludes large $ loss fires (2011-2020)

(Adjusted to 2020 $)
YearDollar loss
201112954414526
201213368794200
201312336898009
201412687135269
201513483413544
201613684232502
201713726105581
201813604977958
201915002831998
202014666000000
2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Dollar loss13.013.412.312.713.513.713.713.615.014.7

Trends

Fires1,388,500
in 2020
-0.6%
from 2011
Deaths3,500
in 2020
+23.7%
from 2011
Injuries15,200
in 2020
-9.2%
from 2011
$ Loss*$21.9 billion
in 2020
+83.8%
from 2011
No Large $$14.7 billion
in 2020
+15.9%
from 2011

Source: National Fire Protection Association

  • 2011: The direct dollar loss includes the Bastrop County, Texas Complex Wildfire with an estimated property loss of $400,000,000.
  • 2012: The direct dollar loss includes the Waldo Canyon Fire and the High Park Fire in Colorado, accounting for a total of $567,400,000 in damage.
  • In 2013: The direct dollar loss includes the Black Forest Fire in Colorado, which totaled $420,500,000 in damage.
  • 2015: The direct dollar loss includes the Valley and Butte Wildfires in California with an estimated property loss of $1,950,000,000.
  • 2016: The direct dollar loss includes the Gatlinburg, Tennessee, wildfires with an estimated property loss of $911,000,000.
  • 2017: The direct dollar loss includes a $10,000,000,000 loss for Northern California wildfires.
  • 2018: The direct dollar loss includes $12,400,000,000 in losses from California wildfires.
  • 2020: The direct dollar loss includes $4,200,000,000 losses in California wildland urban interface fires and a $3 billion naval ship fire in California.
Fire Estimate Summary Series

Nonresidential building fire causes

Intentional was the second leading cause of nonresidential building fires in 2020.

27.7%
Cooking
14.1%
Intentional
11.8%
Unintentional, careless
6.6%
Electrical malfunction

Get statistics on nonresidential building fires

General property use (2020)

Residential is the leading property use for fire deaths (70.6%), fire injuries (74.3%) and fire dollar loss (34.7%).

Fires by general property use

45.0%
Outside
27.2%
Residential structure
14.1%
Vehicles
8.9%
Nonresidential structure
4.7%
Other

Source: National Fire Incident Reporting System

fire departments are listed in the National Fire Department Registry.

Volunteer
Mostly volunteer
Career
Mostly career

Volunteer

Mostly volunteer

Career

Mostly career