The wildland urban interface is an area where human made structures and infrastructure (e.g., cell towers, schools, water supply facilities, etc.) are in or adjacent to areas prone to wildfire.
Explore these resources to:
- Create and sustain a fire-adapted community located within a WUI.
- Find out how to develop a community wildfire protection plan.
- Help your fire department increase community awareness about preventing WUI fires.
- Learn about new and emerging technology for wildland fire incident response.
- Read about the latest in WUI research.
- Prepare more effectively for response to WUI fires.
In addition, our WUI toolkit contains recommended and trusted resources from other agencies and organizations that will help your fire department prepare for, and respond to, WUI fires.
WUI and COVID-19
Protect thy neighbor: messaging to encourage wildfire preparedness
Across the United States many communities such as Ogden, Utah, Gold Canyon, Arizona and Klamath County, Oregon, are experiencing wildfires. Because of COVID-19, wildland firefighting is even more challenging.
It is also more challenging for residents in wildfire-prone regions because they are unable to work with fire departments and other community organizations on projects that create conditions to improve wildfire safety. To help during this time, encourage your residents to prepare their homes and property individually for a possible wildfire.
According to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) study, Protect Thy Neighbor: Investigating the Spatial Externalities of Wildfire Hazard Mitigation, individual homeowner efforts can make a huge difference not only in the survivability of their own homes, but in their neighbors' homes as well.
NIST developed a model of interdependent household wildfire risk and examined its implications for a hypothetical fire-prone community. One of the amazing results of the study was the determination that one person's wildfire prevention efforts can positively impact the outcome of their neighbors' homes.
Encourage residents in your community to prepare their homes and property until they can work together on community wildfire safety projects. Use USFA's social media cards to host a “virtual community clean-up day.” Together, these individual efforts can make a huge difference in a community's outcome during a wildfire event.
The WUI grew rapidly from 1990 to 2010, with increases of 41% in homes and 33% in land, making it the fastest growing land use type in the lower 48 states.Source: U.S. Forest Service
National Fire Academy courses will provide you with the ability to create and sustain a fire-adapted community. Land-use planning, code adoption, evacuation planning, wildland fire behavior, foundational wildland firefighting skills, and command and control are covered.
Introduction to Wildland Fire Behavior (NWCG S-190)
Through this online self-study course, you will learn how wildfire starts and spreads and to recognize hazardous situations.
New to our collection
WUI fires: before, during and after
Information about what communities need to know before, during and after a WUI fire.
Help your community plan for, respond to, and recover from the devastating effects of a wildland, grass or forest fire.
Share these messages on social media!
Get a head start on your WUI research project with these reference materials from the National Emergency Training Center's library.
New to our collection
This timely book examines what scientists know about wildfires, whether we can predict them, and how we learn from each event.
Beautiful graphics from the National Wildfire Coordinating Group that depict the 10 Standard Firefighting Orders and the 18 Watch Out Situations are now available for free download.
Inform your community about these actionable steps they can take to minimize the respiratory effects of wildfire smoke.
Learn about the history behind the development of Community Wildfire Protection Plans (CWPPs), the key components, how a CWPP can benefit a community at risk from wildfire, and how to create a plan for your community.
With the potential for serious operational impacts due to COVID-19, the National Wildfire Coordinating Group recently released national guidance for wildfire response during the pandemic.
Learn about simple and low-cost actions that homeowners can take to protect their homes from wildfire.
The National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy helps local fire departments and residents in wildfire-prone regions to create cities and neighborhoods that can survive wildfire events.
Real-life experiences from the 2017 and 2019 wildfire response in Colorado and California focusing on evacuation, patient tracking, managing planned power shutoffs and planning for the future.
Learn how a national address point database can be of value to incident commanders and emergency managers during wildfire evacuations.
Hospital leadership at Kaiser Permanente in Santa Rosa, California, share their personal and professional experiences on hospital evacuation during the Tubbs Fire.
The 2019 Wildfire Risk Report found that over 775,000 homes are at extreme risk of wildfire damage in the western United States.
Free data for small towns looking to develop disaster evacuation plans or improve infrastructure.
Learn how the Montecito Fire Protection District used a socio-ecological mitigation approach to successfully fight the Thomas Fire.
This guide walks fire chiefs and other officials through wildfire planning using the four phases of emergency management: preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation.
Community wildfire risk reduction is more effective when the whole community is involved. Getting homeowners, civic groups and religious institutions involved goes a long way, but another audience that can be rewarding to work with is youth groups.
The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, U.S Forest Service and the Los Angeles Fire Department published a joint paper on last year's Mendocino Complex Fire, discussing openly the multitude of problems facing teams assigned to the incident.
Learn about wildfire mitigation measures one California homeowner took during construction and maintained over the years to make his home fire-resilient.
This collection of recommended resources will help your fire department prepare for, and respond to, WUI fires. Included are outreach materials, training courses, assessment tools, and links to the latest WUI research studies.Explore toolkit resources
Technology applications for WUI response
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has outlined how new and existing technologies can improve operational capabilities and incident response to save lives in WUI fires.Get the report