Wildland urban interface (WUI)

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Explore these resources to:

  • Create and sustain a fire-adapted community located within a WUI.
  • Find out how to develop a community wildfire protection plan.
  • Help your fire department increase community awareness about preventing WUI fires.
  • Learn about new and emerging technology for wildland fire incident response.
  • Read about the latest in WUI research.
  • Prepare more effectively for response to WUI fires.

In addition, our WUI toolkit contains recommended and trusted resources from other agencies and organizations that will help your fire department prepare for, and respond to, WUI fires.

Our latest article

hospital staff pushing a patient with a blurred photo effect

Hospital evacuation challenges during a wildfire

Hospital leadership at Kaiser Permanente in Santa Rosa, California, share their personal and professional experiences on hospital evacuation during the Tubbs Fire.

The urban wildland interface community exists where humans and their development meet or intermix with wildland fuel.

Source: U.S. government (USDA, USDOI)


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New report highlights technology applications for WUI response

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has outlined how new and existing technologies can improve operational capabilities and incident response to save lives in wildland urban interface (WUI) fires.

Get the report

WUI expansion

The WUI grew rapidly from 1990 to 2010, with increases of 41% in homes and 33% in land, making it the fastest growing land use type in the lower 48 states.

Source: U.S. Forest Service
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Training opportunities

National Fire Academy courses will provide you with the ability to create and sustain a fire-adapted community. Land-use planning, code adoption, evacuation planning, wildland fire behavior, foundational wildland firefighting skills, and command and control are covered.

Explore National Fire Academy WUI courses

Featured course

wildland firefighters walking through a field with a fire in the background
Introduction to Wildland Fire Behavior (NWCG S-190)
Through this online self-study course, you will learn how:
  • Wildfire starts and spreads.
  • To recognize hazardous situations.

Outreach materials

Help your community plan for, respond to, and recover from the devastating effects of a wildland, grass or forest fire.

Order or download print and social media outreach materials

Customize this handout

wildfire evacuation flyer
Wildfire Evacuation
This flyer provides tips for homeowners to follow when evacuating from a wildfire. Customize this handout with your organization's logo.

Download PDF 518 KB

NETC library

Get a head start on your WUI research project with these reference materials from the National Emergency Training Center's library.

Browse library WUI topics


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New to our collection

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The Interior West: A Fire Survey
The author surveys the fire scene characteristics of Nevada, Utah, and western Colorado through a mixture of journalism, history and literary imagination that moves the topic beyond the usual science and policy formulations.
Borrow this book

WUI articles

homes burning on a hillside during a wildfire

Wildland Urban Interface Chief's Guide

Posted: April 4, 2019

This guide walks fire chiefs and other officials through wildfire planning using the four phases of emergency management: preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation.

youth volunteers helping with forest cleanup

Working with youth groups to reduce community wildfire risk

Posted: March 7, 2019

Community wildfire risk reduction is more effective when the whole community is involved. Getting homeowners, civic groups and religious institutions involved goes a long way, but another audience that can be rewarding to work with is youth groups.

wildland firefighters walking through a field with a wildfire in the background

Mendocino Complex Fire after action review and lessons learned

Posted: Feb. 28, 2019

The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, U.S Forest Service and the Los Angeles Fire Department published a joint paper on last year's Mendocino Complex Fire, discussing openly the multitude of problems facing teams assigned to the incident.

wildland firefighter using a hose

Wildland firefighting and the NIFC

Posted: Aug. 11, 2017

Learn about the role that the National Interagency Fire Center plays in wildland firefighting and keeping firefighters safe.

WUI toolkit

This collection of recommended resources will help your fire department prepare for, and respond to, WUI fires. Included are outreach materials, training courses, assessment tools, and links to the latest WUI research studies.

Explore toolkit resources