Our statistical reports explore aspects of the U.S. fire problem that affect Americans in their daily lives. Primarily based on data collected through the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS), our reports address the nature and relevance of the specific fire or fire-related problem, highlight important findings, and suggest other resources to consider for further information.
Overall U.S. population
See also: Death and injury risk
The United States still has one of the higher fire death rates in the industrialized world, however, its standing has greatly improved.
Home fire casualties
Annually, from 2017 to 2019, an estimated 2,770 civilian fire fatalities resulted from 1,900 fatal fires in residential buildings.
Annually, from 2017 to 2019, an estimated 11,650 civilian fire injuries resulted from 7,200 residential building fires resulting in injuries.
Fatal fires in residential buildings were more prevalent in the cooler months, peaking in January.
The leading areas of fire origin in multiple-fatality fires in residential buildings were bedrooms and common areas such as living and family rooms.
People with disabilities
Intentional was the leading cause of residential building fires where a mental disability is reported as a human factor contributing to ignition.
Cooking was the leading cause of residential building fires where a physical disability is reported as a human factor contributing to ignition.
Fire in the United States
This collection of reports looks at the U.S. fire problem in 10-year periods, beginning in 1985. The reports provide a statistical overview of the fire problem that can motivate corrective action. They can also be used to select priorities, help target fire programs, and serve as a model for state or local analyses of fire data.
Archived topical fire reports
This spreadsheet contains links to older topical reports that we have archived off our website.
Data sources for our reports
Our reports reflect the most current data year available at the time of analysis. In priority order, we primarily rely on these data sources:
|National Fire Incident Reporting System incident-level data||10 to 18 months after the end of the calendar year|
|National Center for Health Statistics vital records||2 plus years after the end of the calendar year|
|National Fire Protection Association survey estimates||9 months after the end of the calendar year|
Other data sources include the Consumer Price Index and the U.S. Census Bureau.
These documents describe the data sources and methodology we use to calculate our fire loss estimates.
- White paper: National Fire Estimation Using NFIRS Data May 2017, PDF
- Data Sources and Methodology Documentation PDF
- National Estimates Methodology for Building Fires and Losses PDF
Topical Fire Report Series
Data sources and methodology documentation.