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Residential Building Fire Injury Causes (2013-2022)

National estimates

The 2022 national estimates for the leading causes of residential building fire injuries show that there were:

  • 2,350 cooking fire injuries.
  • 1,375 other unintentional, careless fire injuries.
  • 850 open-flame fire injuries.
  • 850 electrical malfunction fire injuries.

Overall trends

Overall trends in the leading fire injury causes for the 10-year period of 2013 to 2022 show the following:

  • Cooking was the leading cause of residential building fire injuries for the 10-year period.
  • A 36% decrease in residential cooking fire injuries.
  • A 51% increase in residential other unintentionally or carelessly set fire injuries.
    In 2020 and 2021, 64 and 68 reported multiple injury fire incidents, respectively, may have contributed to the increase in the estimate of fire injuries. The 2020 multiple injury fire incidents included a high-rise apartment building fire in Bronx, New York, with 29 injuries.
  • A 15% decrease in residential open-flame fire injuries.
  • A 7% increase in residential electrical malfunction fire injuries.

Leading causes of residential building fire injuries (2013-2022)

Other unintentional, careless1075107513501325130014501650180017001375
Open flame115010509759259009751000975975850
Electrical malfunction8759258508007508251050975900850